Why Jakarta is sinking

19 Peb 2021
2 592 080 Ditonton

The 400-year curse dragging Indonesia's capital into the sea.
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Like many coastal cities around the world, Jakarta is dealing with sea level rise. But Indonesia's biggest city also has a unique problem: Because of restricted water access in the city, the majority of its residents have to extract groundwater to survive. And it's causing the city to sink. Today, Jakarta is the world’s fastest-sinking city.
The problem gets worse every year, but the root of it precedes modern Indonesia by centuries. In the 1600s, when the Dutch landed in Indonesia and built present-day Jakarta, they divided up the city to segregate the population. Eventually, that segregation led to an unequal water piping system that excluded most Indigenous Jakartans, forcing them to find other ways to get water.
To understand how it all ties together, and what’s in store for Jakarta’s future, watch the video above.
Sources and further reading:
If you want to learn more about the development of Jakarta’s urban water supply going all the way back to colonial times, check out Michelle Kooy’s detailed reports:
To understand Jakarta’s colonial history and the segregation that came of it, check out this article from the Journal of Historians of Netherlandish Art: jhna.org/articles/dutch-batavia-exposing-hierarchy-dutch-colonial-city/
To read about the evolution of the canals the Dutch built in present-day Jakarta and how their deterioration impacted water access and segregation, here’s a study from Dr. Euis Puspita Dewi, who we feature in the video:
To get a broader look at the many other cities sinking in Indonesia, check out this article by Dr. Estelle Chaussard: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0034425712003975
Thanks for watching and let us know what you think in the comments!
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Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out www.vox.com.
Watch our full video catalog: goo.gl/IZONyE
Follow Vox on Facebook: goo.gl/U2g06o
Or Twitter: goo.gl/XFrZ5H

  • Hello! We have translated subtitles available in Bahasa Indonesia. You can access them through the settings icon > Subtitles/CC Thanks for watching, and let me know what other colonial histories you want to see explained next in the comments. Thanks, Christina, Video Producer

    VoxVox13 hari yang lalu
    • Wow, matur suwon

      Om PrastOm Prast2 jam yang lalu
    • Vox... Vox... Thanks For YourAppreciation To thePeopleOf " INDONESIA " ... Oh, When you smile... It makes me smile... When you cry... I can’t help but cry.... __________________ INDONESIAN

      Kareem KalisariKareem Kalisari9 jam yang lalu
    • Mobile legend is Weird games.

      Obama is EpicObama is Epic16 jam yang lalu
    • Mobile legend is the best

      bilcanmuf gamingbilcanmuf gaming17 jam yang lalu
    • Could you cover South Korea's current political systems? I'm still amazed and curious as to how the Korean citizens have impacted the ex-president's impeachment.

      Jesse NewtonJesse Newton18 jam yang lalu
  • It is just an old problem that keep happening. See?? We still can lived here.. While the politician still wasting time, we still see this problem as something on far horizon..

    Ahmad GantengAhmad Ganteng6 menit yang lalu
  • They tried to say it was sea rising .but sat data put payed to that ,sea levels our not rising ,there's been record ice gain this winter

    Mechelle KingmanMechelle Kingman30 menit yang lalu
  • Salute from indonesia neighbour , Malaysia

    Not AriqNot Ariq43 menit yang lalu
  • Netflix original: "Jakarta Sinks 2050"

    Rizky GusnaRizky Gusna50 menit yang lalu
  • Free west papua! Give back the freedom

    Bitchesa mae BiglangtamblingBitchesa mae BiglangtamblingJam Yang lalu
  • So Allah is becoming Islamophobic

    Free ManFree ManJam Yang lalu
  • If you have ever visited Jakarta, you would also notice that it's drainage has been pretty awful. So no clean freshwater coming in, and no way for the sewage to go out. And it's the fault of rapid population growth.

    Jason yuJason yuJam Yang lalu
  • Hello, Indonesians 🇮🇩 We will not know what will happen in the future? As time goes by, not only the Indonesian government is taking responsible but all Indonesian citizens must take part. I believe this problem can be reduced slowly, we are a big country remember that!

    Be YourselfBe YourselfJam Yang lalu
  • Oh so you wanna flood come here -jakarta

    Rafi HaidarRafi HaidarJam Yang lalu
  • Mr jokowi, any solution?

    Farhan Mirza MFarhan Mirza M2 jam yang lalu
  • Solution: build farther away from the sea.

    Rainbow LOVERainbow LOVE3 jam yang lalu
  • Theres a plan to move the capital to another city but at least it will take 5 years to even begin

    satria nugrahasatria nugraha5 jam yang lalu
  • Wow, this problem must be resolved by the government ... why not try to make some special reservoirs for drinking water? like Batam city? because here the water source is indeed only from one company managed by the Riau Islands province, only a suggestion, so that Jakarta will be better in the future

    Rahel UlinaRahel Ulina6 jam yang lalu
  • Europeans ruined everything....

    ルナルナ7 jam yang lalu
    • Exactly lol

      LeoDaGoatLeoDaGoat2 jam yang lalu
  • Its karma for what they are doing in West Papua

    Aaron GreyAaron Grey8 jam yang lalu
  • Developing a piping system to deliver water from the aquifers will not prevent the city from sinking? Your still removing water faster then its replaced. Im not understanding the emphasis put on the lack of piping causing this problem?

    Steven ManiscalcoSteven Maniscalco8 jam yang lalu
  • It only matters if rich people are affected i don't care about poor people if us rich people have a problem it should be fixed we matter not the poor people

    chrizzly dizzlychrizzly dizzly8 jam yang lalu
  • I Know what the civillian saying...

    Kocheng OrenKocheng Oren9 jam yang lalu
  • As An Indonesian...i want to say IM *Not* On *Jakarta* ... *BUT* *IM* *HECC* *RIGHT* *NEXT* *TO* *IT* ... *yeah* *DEPOK* *CITY*

    Kocheng OrenKocheng Oren9 jam yang lalu

    Kareem KalisariKareem Kalisari9 jam yang lalu
    • Oh, When you smile... It makes me smile... When you cry... I can’t help but cry.... __________________ INDONESIAN

      Kareem KalisariKareem Kalisari9 jam yang lalu
  • Looks like no one in this country really care about this. They were being way too ignorant and careless. Even though the citizens here knows about this, do you expect them to do something about it? They'll probably just stay at their home, praying to God for mercy and blessings. It's sad to see this historical land is going to sink, soon. If we don't do anything about this, we might risk billions of lives in danger. The other foreign's media pays more attention than this country's media and citizens.

    Fellisya MargarethFellisya Margareth11 jam yang lalu
  • Dutch people were A S S H O L E S....thinking themselves superior to indigenous Indonesians!!

    Cannn ThonnnCannn Thonnn12 jam yang lalu
    • as a dutchman, i can only say: je moet je bek houden want ik had je vader kunnen zijn als je moeder niet zo duur was.

      Dr. dumplingsDr. dumplings9 jam yang lalu
  • 25 cm per year?! That is incomprehensible

    BoenBoen12 jam yang lalu
  • The lopsided pakistan gully spray because stream subcellularly chew along a obsolete state. sharp, wealthy gray

    YahBoiHammyYahBoiHammy12 jam yang lalu
  • i dont like colord people

    ThatOne AnimeGuyThatOne AnimeGuy13 jam yang lalu
    • But yet everything on your channel was made by colored people lol

      LeoDaGoatLeoDaGoat2 jam yang lalu
  • we should take Jakarta, and PUSH IT somewhere else !

    Vladimir VillianiVladimir Villiani13 jam yang lalu
  • My city was also built on a swamp but lucky for us also built in the middle of the country so we can't really sink into the ocean. This is heartbreaking. All these people losing everything.

    MarvelousSandstoneMarvelousSandstone14 jam yang lalu
  • 1:57 i thought they were ganna say because they aren't subbed to vox

    hellohello14 jam yang lalu
    • gazer gazer

      LeoDaGoatLeoDaGoat2 jam yang lalu
  • Unrelated to the topic but, I wanna learn how you make these videos. The slight coppyness of the animations looks polished

    clyntclynt15 jam yang lalu
  • On 02:48, think about this Jakartans, Governor Anis said rain downpour should entered the soil instead of align it to the sea. He's not wrong then?

    Ushio GamingUshio Gaming15 jam yang lalu
  • I'm looking for a comment that says: "Raised to the ground?"

    CJ Does Random ThingsCJ Does Random Things15 jam yang lalu
    • They said "razed," which means "destroyed completely." It sounds the same as "raised" but has a different meaning.

      J. P.J. P.6 jam yang lalu
  • Maybe Atlantis become real if this keep happening.

    Suria NikkiSuria Nikki17 jam yang lalu
  • very informative

    widi bakawidi baka17 jam yang lalu
  • Make the Dutch government pay to modernize the water distribution to all Jakarta's citizens

    Tim BeckmanTim Beckman17 jam yang lalu
  • Can we start blaming these colonizers for ruining countries’ culture, belief, traditions and depleting OUR resources for THEIR own gains!?

    FreaknJoshwaFreaknJoshwa17 jam yang lalu
  • Vox ini mengada-ada. Jakarta itu tenggelam karena melanggar sunnatullah.

    Rahmad MhirzaRahmad Mhirza18 jam yang lalu
  • At the very beginning , a pagoda style mosque ??? That shape is a Hindu temple , isn’t it ? Okay this video ends in 15 seconds 😂😂😂 with causes and solutions for the drowning Indonesia.

    suman BAraLsuman BAraL18 jam yang lalu
  • 8:55 Orange Dude : "Did someone say *WALLS* ?"

    Qaedi NahriQaedi Nahri19 jam yang lalu
  • another day another take on how bad the impact of colonialism is.. 😁 I love it lol. Thanks vox!!

    DESTI ALICYADESTI ALICYA19 jam yang lalu
  • Wonderful Jakarta

    Abdul Aziz FarhanAbdul Aziz Farhan22 jam yang lalu
  • Maybe instead of focusing your energy on worshipping things you can't even know exist, you should focus your energy on what you can know.

    MultiCappieMultiCappie22 jam yang lalu
  • people in the future discovering remains of jakarta : "is this Atlantis?"

    yasio boloyasio boloHari Yang lalu
    • Malu bro

      yasio boloyasio boloHari Yang lalu
  • To my fellow indonesians.. Don't live in jakarta if you can.

    Kokave7Kokave7Hari Yang lalu
  • The powerful pink grossly blot because leg substantially prefer concerning a sour tax. magical, difficult skiing

    Juan RochaJuan RochaHari Yang lalu
  • It's still boggling me how you mostly blame the Dutch. No one in Indonesia and Jakarta blame Dutch for the bad city planning, it's the peoples and the government problems

    sabiq rusydisabiq rusydiHari Yang lalu
  • Thanks for this video coverage and documentary......

    Patricks PerezasesPatricks PerezasesHari Yang lalu
  • This documentary puts an emphasis on the responsibility of the Dutch designers and lack of maintenance of the canals thereafter. It is just briefly mentioned that Jakarta's population rose from 1,5 M in 1950 (Indonesia's independence) to about 11 M today, making of the distribution of the piped water a quite different challenge than 70 years ago. And clearly, during this time period, the Indonesian government didn't do much for his people, though its financial resources were important.

    PG ETPG ETHari Yang lalu
    • @Valaryant You'll always find, especially in the media, people trying to rewrite history for their own purpose.

      PG ETPG ET35 menit yang lalu
    • Wow that is the EXACT SAME Thing I was thinking...like the entire point of telling the history was to place blame Like you're really going to blame something that happened in 1600 to why the system is failing in 2021....and after showing how other neighboring regions were able to solve the same problem.....just wow

      Daniel FrancisDaniel Francis7 jam yang lalu
    • Yeah, that bothered me as well, big emphasis in the evil conquerors (which of course they always are) and quite little about the insignificant effort of the actual government to fix things. Btw, the news outlets there seldom talk about this problem, I wonder why.

      ValaryantValaryant14 jam yang lalu
  • That bird shaped island is such a joke proposal.

    Vincent SVincent SHari Yang lalu
  • orang indonesia dekil2 ya.. jarang mandi..

    Tourist From EarthTourist From EarthHari Yang lalu
  • dutch's fault

    Chanel CocoChanel CocoHari Yang lalu
  • Tempat tinggal saya di bogor, dan setiap bogor hujan,pasti jakarta yang banjir:'

    [•The Na-Nau Teams•][•The Na-Nau Teams•]Hari Yang lalu
    • :V

      AllberthousAllberthous19 menit yang lalu
  • What horrors CAN’T colonialism do? what a horrific legacy.

    Snodge KatSnodge KatHari Yang lalu
  • Seems like most of the problems in the world today are one way or another connected to colonialism or western imperialism 🙄

    Jameel MiahJameel MiahHari Yang lalu
  • Biarin dah biar seluruh dunia tau, nh loh indonesia

    ReReHari Yang lalu
  • This case will never end!! coz u know what Indonesian citizen mindset is "what ever the leader is capable or not, as long as they're Muslim it's ok, we support them" smh🤦‍♂️🤦‍♂️🤦‍♂️

    La AleganciaLa AleganciaHari Yang lalu
  • Actually Jakarta has a lot of good things, but in this video what is shot is only bad

    • @Mini M I also don't know because I'm not the president

      PINK BLACK TXBPINK BLACK TXB17 jam yang lalu
    • a lot of good things built on sinking ground. How about build pipes for people first instead of skyscrapers and malls

      Mini MMini MHari Yang lalu
  • Save myanmar

    lol lollol lolHari Yang lalu
  • Save Myanmar

    lol lollol lolHari Yang lalu
  • Malu bro

    RHN [AMV]RHN [AMV]Hari Yang lalu
  • udah tau dr smp sekara umur 25 org jakarta pada sadar ya

    Ridho WiranatakusumahRidho WiranatakusumahHari Yang lalu
  • i already know this since jhs thanks vox

    Ridho WiranatakusumahRidho WiranatakusumahHari Yang lalu
  • Really interesting video. Storm ponds help with collecting water as well.

    Dean WinchesterDean WinchesterHari Yang lalu
  • jakarta is killing itself....

    Gustavo MachadoGustavo MachadoHari Yang lalu
  • Thank you for this educational video- I did not know that sinking was such a serious problem in Jakarta. Instead of planning to move the capital city to elsewhere, the Indonesian government should seriously think of ways to solve the problem.

    Haeun KimHaeun KimHari Yang lalu
  • Good documentary, but you forgot to mention how overpopulated Jakarta is. It's not all Dutch's fault.

    ErikoErikoHari Yang lalu
    • I agree, it’s not all the dutch fault, but I think it was a take that specifically highlight on how ridiculously BAD and WIDE the impact of colonialism is.

      DESTI ALICYADESTI ALICYA19 jam yang lalu
    • It’s kinda self explanatory to me. The dutch made Jakarta its’ center for trades, governance, etc and it attracts + nurture modern civilization until now. In a way, that caused significant reason for people to keep moving in to Jakarta. That’s why the government is planning to move our capital city, or at least to move the whole governing thing on another place, making a concept of washington U.S. and new york city or some sorts. I’d doubt it’d become less populated but lets see🙁 at this point they have to move at an URGENT pace or else time will run out

      DESTI ALICYADESTI ALICYA19 jam yang lalu
  • I am from flores indonesia..smart explanations👋👋👋👋

    Andry fAndry fHari Yang lalu
  • Very gud

  • 00:39 Alright, alright, but what has Jakarta been thinking about for so long?

    NPJ GlobalNPJ GlobalHari Yang lalu
  • what make me sad about this is jakarta lacks the political will to solve this issue. The solution is already there but no one is stepping up.

    shikamaru012shikamaru012Hari Yang lalu
  • The Dutch need to read that bible

    Noah BrownNoah BrownHari Yang lalu
  • Two words: so devastating.

    Aprian WijayaAprian WijayaHari Yang lalu
  • The whole world is sinking and you will never be able to explain why scientifically therefore scientists will continue to baffle themselves with numbers for measurements from wind to fire to planets and earthquakes never seeing that numbers never do uphold anything.

    Sohilah NazirSohilah Nazir2 hari yang lalu
  • True all sinking in north,Tanjung Priok,and in kota any building inside land too,in Kota or old city Jakarta

    Luna SsrLuna Ssr2 hari yang lalu
  • When your mom gives you a new shirt and you ignore your old clothes because you don´t need them anymore ,cause you already have found a new, better, and clean one

    Kath ParrenoKath Parreno2 hari yang lalu
  • In this kind of situation the people and residents are the one´s who´s suffering and the government and the media are ignoring them as if Jakarta doesn´t exist .

    Kath ParrenoKath Parreno2 hari yang lalu
  • News : Jakarta is sinking Indonesian Government: Okay cool we have to move our capital in other places😴 People : 😑

    Kath ParrenoKath Parreno2 hari yang lalu
  • The worst thing is, the government doesn't care about this.

    Hisui RyuHisui Ryu2 hari yang lalu
  • We are sinking and our government still corrupt. They never hear us, they muted us.

    Billy HBilly H2 hari yang lalu
  • Miris saat media luar negeri jauh lebih peduli dengan keadaan Jakarta, sementara media nasional justru memberitakan hal2 yg tidak penting. We are so left behind.

    Restina ApriliantiRestina Aprilianti2 hari yang lalu
  • British: We exploited half of the world. Spaniards: We plundered South America. Dutch: Hey, I have an achievement too. I looted Indonesia .I’m in the league too.

    Shahryar AminShahryar Amin2 hari yang lalu
    • What absolute chads. I kneel.

      SHOW ME YA MOVESSHOW ME YA MOVES9 jam yang lalu
  • Just as I look at the title, I already know that this is because of plumbing or what we call sumur bor. it’s not just the poor, the rich use them too to reduce the pipe water cost. They use it for anything but bath and consumption. All that talk about moving the capital city, who knows if the people of borneo will totally agree with that. Despite saying bhineka tunggal ika, we are separated in our own races here.

    Loveless SevensinsLoveless Sevensins2 hari yang lalu
  • 😂😂😂 indo people won't understand English... Therefore, it is hardly to see comments from indo nitizen...

    Mohd NaserMohd Naser2 hari yang lalu

    Nugrahadi DarmawanNugrahadi Darmawan2 hari yang lalu

    Akbar Asep SuharaAkbar Asep Suhara2 hari yang lalu

    Akbar Asep SuharaAkbar Asep Suhara2 hari yang lalu
  • Itu yang Sok Sokan bacot katanya bisa ngatasi banjir.. bahkan sampai ada yg berani potong tangan segala... Matanya suruh nonton video ini dulu.. biar ngibulnya lebih di perhalus lagi.

    Alien KingAlien King2 hari yang lalu
  • That's why Indonesia need a new Capital City, in central Indonesia.

    Sahala ᯘᯪᯀᯉ᯲ᯖᯮᯒᯪSahala ᯘᯪᯀᯉ᯲ᯖᯮᯒᯪ2 hari yang lalu
  • And the rich attract themselves towards Bali while the country's capital is ruining. What a shame. Some things will never just change.

    Fayed UddinFayed Uddin2 hari yang lalu
  • Its kampung not kampong..

    Álmos PhranerÁlmos Phraner2 hari yang lalu
  • why not plant mangrove trees.

    princess huindaprincess huinda2 hari yang lalu
  • Alternative title: How Jakarta is trying to copy Venice in an extreme way.

    seeni gztyseeni gzty2 hari yang lalu
    • Good one

      Someone Who Play GamesSomeone Who Play GamesJam Yang lalu
    • this is actually a good joke

      Ongek [GD]Ongek [GD]2 jam yang lalu
    • maybe Because of the cracked ice burg on antarctica

      seeni gztyseeni gzty2 hari yang lalu
  • Very sad reality

    Jinky EngbinoJinky Engbino2 hari yang lalu
  • Negara rendang

    wakanda foreverwakanda forever2 hari yang lalu
  • Wkwkw Indonesia

    wakanda foreverwakanda forever2 hari yang lalu
  • So it's worst case scenario.

    Darth VaderDarth Vader2 hari yang lalu
  • Is any other city sinking as rapidly as Jakarta right now? This is the beginning of a common trend, it deeply saddens and conflicts me as I notice citizens of poor countries suffering at the hands of other people's resources. Society must change

    VegaVega2 hari yang lalu
    • Mexico city has a worse lack of water situation, but it's not on the ocean, so it doesn't get flooded as badly.

      Mini MMini MHari Yang lalu
    • there are many, but unfortunately Jakarta is the fastest.

  • Alternative title: How Jakarta is trying to copy Venice in an extreme way.

    Red TsarRed Tsar2 hari yang lalu
    • Your comment makes no sense.

      Matt CruseMatt Cruse12 jam yang lalu
    • child : mom i want to go to venice mom: NO, we have venice at home venice at home:

      Balagopal RBalagopal R16 jam yang lalu
    • Venice on a budget

      Qaedi NahriQaedi Nahri19 jam yang lalu
    • Venice walmart edition

      RematyarRematyarHari Yang lalu
    • Venice bad ebay knockoff

      Dimitri SergeiDimitri SergeiHari Yang lalu
  • Yes but the crust has been going up and down for the entirety of earth's history. How can we know do something about this problem? - Republicans, probably

    Joshua LiJoshua Li2 hari yang lalu
  • Jakarta: Sinks Goverment: ok we're move to Borneo

    AfanDianto RamadhaniAfanDianto Ramadhani2 hari yang lalu