WHY do pilots say HEAVY? Wake Turbulence EXPLAINED BY CAPTAIN JOE

19 Jul 2018
2 253 342 Ditonton

--►SUPPORT via PATREON: bit.ly/38ym51t
►STAY INFORMED: goo.gl/ByheuP ◄
▼▼My FLIGHT-KIT I highly recommend for you guys▼▼
MY HEADSET: amzn.to/2CrTrzz
MY PILOT BAG: amzn.to/2DiWKux
Company iPad: amzn.to/2W1zM2n
▼▼The VIDEO EQUIPMENT I use in my studio and outdoors▼▼
MY CAMERA: amzn.to/2T1VK3g
LIGHTING: amzn.to/2szSRv4
Dear friends and followers, in today´s video I´ll be explaining, why pilots say "Heavy" at the end of their callsign.
I´m sure many of you have listened to LIVE ATC conversations here on youtube, and ever so often you can hear the controller and the pilot communicate with each other and the pilot always ends by saying his callsign and "Heavy" at the end.
The "Heavy" is related to the ICAO wake turbulence categories. As all flying objects create turbulent air in their path, airplanes create so-called wake turbulence. And the heavier and the greater the angle of attack is the stronger the wake turbulence become. Therefore it´s absolutely vital that airplanes keep a safe distance to each other so to not enter the turbulence of the preceding plane.
Cause of that matter the ICAO came up with a wake turbulence weight category chart.
But see more about the minimum separations etc. in the video :)
Thanks for watching, all the best your "Captain" Joe
Big thank you to all other youtubers who provided me with the video material to create this video. Your content is highly appreciated. Please follow their channels:

Into Song:
Lounge idbil.info/solution/video/xpqAoX-snN6DZn0.html
Outro Song:
Joakim Karud & Dyalla - Wish you were here goo.gl/kJ9pef

  • I imagine a cessna approaching like Cessna 143 "Cute"

    Rocky GoRocky Go14 menit yang lalu
  • There are no German subtitles.. ☹️

    Miriam SchmitzMiriam Schmitz2 jam yang lalu
  • Glider flies high than procedding aircraft cause wing top vortices created by glider are negligible or can say less than procedding aircraft.

    Neel ShahNeel Shah12 jam yang lalu
  • Thank you for that important information.

    thebeaz1thebeaz1Hari Yang lalu
  • Mr Joe you are not a captain you are a first officer

    Zinah AwabZinah Awab4 hari yang lalu
  • This question has been bothering me so much,,, Thanks Captain Joe

    Daniel WainainaDaniel Wainaina9 hari yang lalu
  • Subtitles suck shit

    Darth vaderDarth vader16 hari yang lalu
  • why arent youtube tutorials available when i was 10. now its too late for me to switch career... T_T

    ss llss ll17 hari yang lalu
  • The rapid philosophy sadly peep because memory advantageously prick down a agonizing quiver. humorous, future futuristic pilot

    William EdwardWilliam Edward23 hari yang lalu
  • Once I read a definition of stress as, "Coming in to land at a large airport in a small plane, with a maximum speed of 140 MPH, followed by a commercial jet with a stall speed of 140 MPH." I don't know how accurate this is, as I'm sure there would be sufficient separation managed by ATC.

    DzyMsLizzyDzyMsLizzy23 hari yang lalu
  • Ok! But if wake turbulences are so dangerous for airplanes who following us, how can it be possible for multiple airplanes to fly in tight formation without losing control?

    Marc BergeronMarc Bergeron27 hari yang lalu
    • The turbulence is behind the aircraft in formation. Small aircraft, including fast display jets, don't produce anything like the turbulence behind a large heavy aircraft.

      George ReynoldsGeorge Reynolds14 hari yang lalu
  • They say heavy coz of the weight of the aircraft, maybe.

    George PayazitisGeorge Payazitis28 hari yang lalu
  • I stupidly thought heavy meant every seat occupied = heavy. duh... My next watch is 'Flt. attendant steals hotel van. 'Hot date?

    robert dicksonrobert dickson28 hari yang lalu
  • I miss the Concord also

    56PapaBear5656PapaBear5629 hari yang lalu
  • Your videos are awesome ! I don't think anyone makes such detailed videos like you do.

    Anushree MohanAnushree MohanBulan Yang lalu
  • German?

    Denial1984Denial1984Bulan Yang lalu
  • Captain Joe (about the Concorde): God I miss this plane. I: You definitely aren't alone, captain. 😔

    Aaditya Pratap SinghAaditya Pratap SinghBulan Yang lalu
  • Ok so they're not calling the airplane fat? 🤔

    eLem3nTeLem3nTBulan Yang lalu
  • When I was a kids we had to stack before landing at JFK. We circled around and dropped so long that I got sick🤢🤮. Do they still do that kind of stacking??

    Kyle PiferKyle PiferBulan Yang lalu
  • I’ll save you 10 minutes: heavy means the plane is heavier than 130 tonnes and said as a reminder during radio communication.

    SharkJawYokelSharkJawYokelBulan Yang lalu
  • Houses near runway needs special rooftile Philippine houses near NAIA: pathetic

    CHIMOYCHIMOYBulan Yang lalu
  • Heavy means the pilot needs to go on diet 😂 well done pilot

    Alphaville86Alphaville86Bulan Yang lalu
  • Captain? really?

    Paul MPaul MBulan Yang lalu
  • Excellent explanation 👍

    CarlCarlBulan Yang lalu
  • The impossible flute statistically heap because grass proportionally dance including a quarrelsome celery. confused, dizzy armchair

    Heidi ColemanHeidi ColemanBulan Yang lalu
  • Super = Airbus A380, Antonov An-225 Mriya

    nomebearnomebearBulan Yang lalu
  • Big Jet, Big Wake of turbulence !!

    Jesse James BellJesse James BellBulan Yang lalu
  • Yeah, ok. But WHY do they say heavy?!

    d gronzegad gronzegaBulan Yang lalu
    • To alert following aircraft that there is a turbulence risk. On a calm day, this turbulence can hang around for a few minutes, and a light aircraft could be flipped upside down if it encounters the vortices.

      George ReynoldsGeorge Reynolds14 hari yang lalu
  • Capt Joe is not a Captain, his rank shows first officer

    Martin MooreMartin MooreBulan Yang lalu
  • I always dreamed of flying on the Concorde. Beautiful plane

    Diana HilburnDiana HilburnBulan Yang lalu
  • What's the word again heavy

    Gustavo SanchezGustavo SanchezBulan Yang lalu
  • Because Great Scotts! Was taken

    C YC YBulan Yang lalu
  • You are a very positive guy and very knowledgeable which of course you have to be in your line of work. Very well explained Joe

    Para RegPara RegBulan Yang lalu
  • its my dream of becoming a pilot, but it will only be a dream, shattered dream, 😭😭😭 stay safe always captain joe,

    McCoy RiDEsMcCoy RiDEsBulan Yang lalu
  • I really like this channel! Nice work Joe! Very informative, and plainly explained to those of us new to the content. Really appreciate this.

    numbr17numbr17Bulan Yang lalu
  • I always thought a captain has 4 bars.........

    Harry Van Der MeulenHarry Van Der MeulenBulan Yang lalu
  • The wry ghana parenthetically mend because neon disappointedly lie atop a reminiscent profit. horrible, peaceful plantation

    Adrien PinardAdrien PinardBulan Yang lalu
  • Jargons, every trade has it's own jargons.

    Delta MethrinDelta MethrinBulan Yang lalu
  • Excellent. I thought heavy meant we are leaving so we are loaded W gasoline.

    LKLKBulan Yang lalu
  • @8:28 "God I miss this plane" We all do captain... We all do...

    Eduardo BogosianEduardo BogosianBulan Yang lalu
  • good stuff, don't know how that info will be helpful to me but it's so interesting XD

    LPVitLPVitBulan Yang lalu
  • You said 'preceding' plane when I think you meant 'succeeding' plane.

    BenjWarrantBenjWarrantBulan Yang lalu
  • depends on the size of the flight attendants

    Doug CallahanDoug CallahanBulan Yang lalu
  • I'm learning from you, Captain....will that make me a pilotess some day?.....lol!

    Susan MuraguriSusan MuraguriBulan Yang lalu
  • No chance of me becoming a pilot anytime soon, but I’m a curious bunny. I always thought it meant they were fully loaded etc. This makes far more logical sense. Thank you

    Paul CollyerPaul CollyerBulan Yang lalu
  • Plane full of fat sistas is heavy!!

    Lunatic FringeLunatic FringeBulan Yang lalu
  • Very cool information!!!!

    Vanduir Da SilvaVanduir Da SilvaBulan Yang lalu
  • It means there's a fat lady on the plane,lol

    James LindseyJames LindseyBulan Yang lalu
  • If a more efficient version of the Concorde could be built and operated at a profit would you pilot it?

    Jas B.Jas B.Bulan Yang lalu
  • When passengers are getting up to much or unruly the flight hostess calls CPT and puts on the return to seatbelts and bumps the plane around.

    SFC TapiaSFC TapiaBulan Yang lalu
  • 👍🏼

    socalsilversocalsilverBulan Yang lalu
  • How is the Boeing 757 categorized, since (before the wings were retrofitted anyway) it created wake turbulence above its weight class?

    RickySTTRickySTTBulan Yang lalu
  • Somewhere on the Tube is a video of a Cessna 182 landing at LAX. The comments section is priceless with advice on how the pilot should have called ATC. "Cessna 182 Heavy requesting your longest runway", that sort of nonsense.

    Regular GuyRegular GuyBulan Yang lalu
  • 8:00 "...a glider ALWAYS flies a little higher than the tow plane...." Oh no it doesn't. It depends whether they're using the high tow position or the low tow position ! The low tow position - as the name suggests, has the glider slightly below the towing plane. So which is better ? A: The low tow position. So why is it rarely used ? Because the towing plane is rarely a Lancaster bomber - or other suitably powerful aircraft. Most aerotows are carried out with very small single-engined planes. The engines are quite adequate for the plane but without a 'trailer'. Some small aeroplanes are not suitable as tow planes as their engines aren't powerful enough. So you set off on tow with only 'adequate' engine power for the 2 aircraft. The first thing to note is that the glider is always airborne before the tow plane as it needs less airspeed to fly. So the high tow position is quite a natural choice. However, where it really matters is when the towing plane is airborne - the glider is being towed from the tail of the light aircraft - so if the glider is slightly above the light aircraft, the light aircraft's tail is being pulled slightly upwards by the pull of the glider. This is FINE ! The towing plane pointing a bit down can accelerate & fly safely. However, if the glider is in the low tow position, it is pulling the towing aircraft's tail down, tending to make the aircraft climb. But has the aircraft engine enough power for an enforced climb ??? OK, so they can lower the elevator to keep their nose down or level - but in doing so, it creates more drag - which needs to be opposed by the thrust the engine might not have ! So, for small tow planes with not a lot of excess engine power, the high tow position is nearly always used for safety ! If the tow plane was a Lancaster, no one would care where you were ! For info, the tow rope can be released at all times from both the glider and the tow plane. It is normal for the tow plane to leave it attached until about to land (as that's likely where the rope's needed again). To protect both aircraft, the ropes have a 'weak link' commonly with a breaking strain of 1,000 lbs. [Dad used to take me to the gliding club some weekends back in the 70s - early 80s.]

    pmailkeeypmailkeeyBulan Yang lalu
  • 8:07 +frames 3, 4 & 5 - WTF was that ? The two light aircraft were literally overtaken by something going supersonic speeds !

    pmailkeeypmailkeeyBulan Yang lalu
  • It's a pretty big aeroplane..........

    thebeaz1thebeaz1Bulan Yang lalu
  • Very concise explanation, well done

    tennisbumtennisbumBulan Yang lalu
  • Flying Fat Dumb & Heavy

    John BoughtonJohn BoughtonBulan Yang lalu
  • If this guy is a captain, why does he only have 3 bars? Duh! 🤪

    Jt WilliamsJt WilliamsBulan Yang lalu
  • So how is "Captain Joe" wearing 1st Officer stripes?

    thewargod1995thewargod1995Bulan Yang lalu
    • @Mark Taylor No. But it is my first time commenting. So instead of a smart ass comment how bout an explanation?

      thewargod1995thewargod1995Bulan Yang lalu
    • So it’s your first day here, huh?

      Mark TaylorMark TaylorBulan Yang lalu
  • I thought the winglets that most aircraft now have were to reduce the wingtip vortices or wake turbulence?

    atomflyer44atomflyer44Bulan Yang lalu
  • Goose, I can't reach the ejection handle!!!... you gotta punch us out!!!

    Jim MalleyJim MalleyBulan Yang lalu
  • cause it sounds cool?

    billp4billp4Bulan Yang lalu
  • BASE : ON , OTHER , [ POI-LOTS , ( TURBULENCE ) , IS , DUE , TO , GETTING TO , ( CLOSE ) , TO [ THE VAN ALLEN , RADIATION , BELTS ) OR TO , SOME , ( THE DOME ) , OVER , THE , EARTH. [ 🌎 ] .😳... ( PROOF ) ? . SEE , TRU YOUR , WINDOW.😳 THE [ DARKNESS , OF , SPACE 🤓) . .( JUST , ( MILES ) , AWAY ) 😳.!!!!! .DO , SOME , RESEARCH .? .📚📖📚!!! .

    BelkysBelkysBulan Yang lalu
  • You just answered one of the biggest questions I had about Jets but never did any research. Thanks.............

  • Thanks for the information. Excellent!

    David MoutardierDavid MoutardierBulan Yang lalu
  • I miss the concord also. I remember as a kid watching them at coney Island heading for jfk or leaveung jfk it seemed like maybe once day you'd see maybe 2 concords out of all the planes maybe Alil more but man I miss that pointy nose and how the nose angled down when it came for a landing. Ugh what a truly beautiful aircraft. I was lucky enough to see one in person after they were decommissioned there was one at the aviator center in Brooklyn for a Alil while I'm glad I was alil older then to truly admire it up close in all its glory

    XxMidnightToker420xXXxMidnightToker420xXBulan Yang lalu
  • I learned something. Thanks.

    Ben KlassenBen KlassenBulan Yang lalu
  • Yeah, atc usually treats fat pilots differently. You can approach faster if you claim heavy, since fat people have more burden on their bodies. They need rest ASAP.

    Minor IssueMinor IssueBulan Yang lalu
  • That’s great Info very interesting

    Steve GuestSteve GuestBulan Yang lalu
  • “God I miss this plane” You, and me, and so many others ;) Greetings toward München from across the “pond” in Alabama! Guten Flug, Herr Kapitän! Und es speziells Schwiizer “Grüezi!” as I am sure you’ve heard many times approaching ZRH 😉

    Robert BRobert BBulan Yang lalu
  • Don't captains wear 4 stripes, vs a first officer's 3 stripes? Should you be First Officer Joe?

    Alec MayoAlec MayoBulan Yang lalu
  • 7:21 Home owner: I hate the noise of the aircraft and my roof is damaged Me: You bought a house near an airport Home owner: .......

    :l:lBulan Yang lalu
  • My wife calls me "Speed bird Heavy!" when in bed.

    Bruno TullianiBruno TullianiBulan Yang lalu
  • this is so cool

    Cheick DiarraCheick DiarraBulan Yang lalu
  • Very interesting explanation. I thought all planes were heavy! I hope the aviation industry will sort out woke left turbulance! 😆

    Communism is EvilCommunism is EvilBulan Yang lalu
  • Remember watching air crash investigations where wake turbulence caused a small private jet to flip and crash into a city center in Mexico I think

    mickd6942mickd6942Bulan Yang lalu
  • I thought it meant they had ravioli for lunch

    Martin EspinosaMartin EspinosaBulan Yang lalu
  • hate to break it to you but a kilogram is not a ton.

    Terry BurkeTerry BurkeBulan Yang lalu
  • This was fascinating! Had no idea but makes sense.

    Rushin' Truckin'Rushin' Truckin'Bulan Yang lalu
  • Boeing 747 is "Heavy" Airbus A380 is "Super".......

    Kleur van de OgenKleur van de OgenBulan Yang lalu
  • Thanks, I've always wondered what "heavy" signified

    Niteen MehendaleNiteen MehendaleBulan Yang lalu
  • Always wondered about the "heavy ", thank you for taking the time.

    Valerie DeMelloValerie DeMelloBulan Yang lalu
    • all 3 seconds........

      thebeaz1thebeaz1Bulan Yang lalu
  • so yes are nails in wood houses slowly shaken loose if in a flight path ?

    Mark RossowMark RossowBulan Yang lalu
  • Cuman in time 2:14 U have traditional PZL-104 Wilga/Gull.... NOT some ultra light plane....

    Nu PagadiiNu PagadiiBulan Yang lalu
  • ...and that is the reason there is so much empty and cleared fields around airports. Now, I know

    bllouriasbllouriasBulan Yang lalu
  • An-225 *SUPER HEAVY*

    Mingchen ZhangMingchen ZhangBulan Yang lalu
    • AN 225 is "Super"......

      Kleur van de OgenKleur van de OgenBulan Yang lalu
  • Sort of like the wake a (speedy) boat leaves behind on water.

    Edin FifićEdin FifićBulan Yang lalu
  • I’ve always wondered what heavy meant for thanks

    Richard Joe-LeonnRichard Joe-LeonnBulan Yang lalu
  • And geese and ducks have figured this out without a slide rule.

    Bill DillonBill DillonBulan Yang lalu
  • Blasted out of the video by an ad.

    Doug BDoug BBulan Yang lalu
  • What? I tend to listen to atc transmissions nearby and never heard heavy... isn't it reserved to the busiest airports? Also I heard speedbird callsign from the USA airports usually...

    eM PeeM PeBulan Yang lalu
  • I was in a small plane as a passenger once that hit wake turbulence. The plane rolled 45 degrees right then quickly rolled 45 degrees left before leveling. I didn’t realize what happened at the time but the panic in the pilot’s voice certainly didn’t help 😂

    D FD FBulan Yang lalu
  • I still remember when we could fly to places.

    Gozar 111Gozar 111Bulan Yang lalu
  • Wake turbulence caused the crash of small jet at John Wayne airport in Southern California killing top executives of the In-N- Out Burgher chain. This happened several years ago.

    JopflahJopflahBulan Yang lalu
  • "lined up like pearls on a necklace." I want to be sure ARTCCs get credit for that too 😉. TRACON may take credit but they merely fine tuned what center did, believe me! But I know what you meant, haha

    Joshua BrownJoshua BrownBulan Yang lalu
  • They really are fat shaming the concorde

    AlucardAlucardBulan Yang lalu
  • Hi Tom you won’t read this but if anyone else can answer the question it would be great. Why do fighter planes or stunt shows like the red arrows not get affected by the wake from the other aircrafts in front as the fly all most touching

    Jamie MilsomJamie MilsomBulan Yang lalu
  • A little late to the party here....but does aircraft design play a factor in the trailing plane? For example....can a fighter jet "tolerate" wake turbulence better than a more standard aircraft....thereby having the ability to fly closer? Also.....is the turbulence different between jet and prop aircraft of similar size....or is a faster plane different from a slower one?

    858Bill858BillBulan Yang lalu
  • So basically, he is talking about invisible waves! lol... Better to ride my boat than the plane -:)

    Florida Outdoor AdventuresFlorida Outdoor AdventuresBulan Yang lalu